Age-Related Macular Degeneration
What is AMD?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition and a leading cause of vision loss among people over the age of 50. It causes damage to the macula, a small spot near the center of the retina needed for sharp central vision, which lets us see objects that are straight ahead. As AMD progresses, a blurred area in the center of vision is a common symptom. Over time, blank spots could develop or the blurred area may grow larger. Therefore the loss of central vision can severely impact everyday activities such as driving, reading or the ability to see faces.
Treatment for AMD helps to slow the disease and prevent further loss of central vision. The type of treatment a patient receives will be determined by their stage and symptoms. One option to slow the progression of AMD is anti-VEGF injection therapy, which blocks the growth of new abnormal blood vessels caused by the VEGF protein. Photodynamic therapy is another option; a technique involving laser treatment of select areas of the retina. Laser surgery is an option in some cases, where a high-energy laser light is used to destroy actively growing abnormal blood vessels.